Lal Bahadur Shastri ji’s birth anniversary 2020 : India’s second Prime Minister

Lal Bahadur Shastri Ji’s birth anniversary: India’s second Prime Minister

Here are a few inspiring quotes Lal Bahadur Shastri:

  • The basic idea of governance, as I see it, is to hold the society together so that it can develop and march towards certain goals.
  • Discipline and united action are the real sources of strength for the nation.
  • I had always been feeling uncomfortable in my mind about giving advice to others and not acting upon it myself.
  • True democracy or the swaraj of the masses can never come through untruthful and violent means!
  • India will have to hang down her head in shame if even one person is left who is said in any way to be untouchable.
  • As a nation, we must fight for peace as we fought in a war.
  • Discipline and united action are the real sources of strength for the nation.
  • We believe in peace and peaceful development, not only for ourselves but for people all over the world.
  • True democracy or the swaraj of the masses can never come through untruthful and violent means, for the simple reason that the natural corollary to their use would be to remove all opposition through the suppression or extermination of the antagonist.
  • The economic issues are most vital for us and it is of the highest importance that we should fight our biggest enemies – Poverty, unemployment.


Shastri ji was born on 2 October, 1904 in Mughalsarai. He studied in East Centre Railway inter College in Mughalsarai and at Harish Chandra High School in Varanasi. He completed his graduation from Kashi Vidhyapeeth in 1926, there he was given the title of ‘Shastri’ meaning ‘Scholar’ as his bachelor degree reward. Shastri ji was very much inspired by Mahatama Gandhi and Tilak.

Followed Gandhi ji For Freedom

When Shasrti Ji was in Harish Chandra High School at Varanasi one of his teacher Nishkameshwas Prasad Mishra was helped Shastri ji financially by allowing him to tutor his his children. Mishra ji was great patriotic person and inspired by his patriotism, Shastri ji took great interest in freedom struggle, and started reading its history and works of Swami Vivekanada, Mahatma Gandhi Annie Besant.

When Shastri Ji was in 10th class he attended a public meeting held by Gandhi ji and pandit Madan Mohan  Malaviya, There Gandhi ji spoked about student to withdraw from Government schools and join Non-cooperation movement, Shastri ji inspired by this withdrew from school and joined local branch of Congress Party as a volunteer, he actively take part in picketing and anti government demonstrations and soon got arrested and jailed but then he let off because he was a minor.

In 1930 he joined Salt Satyagraha, for which he was imprisoned for two and half year, later in 1937 he worked as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. In 1940, he was sent to prison for offering individual satyagraha support to Independence movement for one year. Shastri Ji spend almost 9 years in jail, he utilized his time by reading books and familiarizing himself with the work of revolutionaries and social reformers.

ALSO READ Gandhi ji ’s 151st birth anniversary: Remembering ‘Bapu’ and his contribution

Political Achievement

After the independence of India, Shastri ji was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. He became the minister of Police and transport, as the transport minister he was the first to appoint women conductors. As the minister of police department he instructed to use water jets instead of lathis to unruly crowds.

In, 1951 Shastri ji was made the General Secretary of All India Congress Committee, he was responsible for selection of candidates and for electioneering activities. He was elected to Rajya Sabha from U.P. in 1952. He become the minister of Railways and Transport in first cabinet of Republic India, Shastri ji was also served as a Minister of Commerce and Industry in 1959 and Minister of Home Affairs in 1961.

On 9 June, 1964, Shastri ji become the Prime Minister of India. He promoted white revolution in the nation to increase the production of milk by supporting the Amul milk co-operative and also created National Dairy Development Board. He also supported the Green revolution to increase the food production in the country. Though Shastri continued the non-alignment policy of Nehru ji, he made relationship with Soviet Union. In 1964 he signed an agreement with Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, for the status of Indian Tamils in Ceylon. It is also known as Sirimavo-Shastri pact.

During his tenure India faced aggression from Pakistan in, 1965. The war was broke out on a general scale between India and Pakistan, during the Indo-Pak war Shatri ji given a slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’. The Indo-Pak war came to end on 23rd September, 1965 with a United Nations Mandated ceasefire.

On 10th January, 1966 Russian Prime Minister, Kosygin, offered to mediate Lal Bahadur Shastri PM of India and his counterpart Ayub Khan to sign the Tashkent Declaration. A day later after signing a peace treaty Shastri ji died in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. In the year of 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri ji was awarded the Bharat Ratna India’s highest civilian award.


-Mayank Raghuvanshi



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